“The Cosmic Genome” –New 3-D ‘History’ of the Universe Reveals Troublesome Cracks

SDSS Map of Galaxies

 

It’s been said that maps codify the miracle of existence. Often referred to as the “cosmic genome” project, the new Sloan Digital Sky Survey is the largest three-dimensional map of the universe ever created, filling in the most significant gaps in its history.

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“Ring of Fire” Galaxy –Massive Object Observed at Beginning of the Cosmos

Massive "Ring of Fire" Galaxy --Observed at Beginning of the Cosmos

 

“It is a very curious object that we’ve never seen before. It looks strange and familiar at the same time,” said Dr. Tiantian Yuan, from Australia’s ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3-D) about image of an extremely rare type of galaxy, R5519,—described as a “cosmic ring of fire”—as it existed 11 billion years ago with a massive hole at its center with a diameter two billion times longer than the distance between the Earth and the Sun or three million times bigger than the diameter of the supermassive black hole in the galaxy Messier 87, which in 2019 became the first ever to be directly imaged. “It is making stars at a rate 50 times greater than the Milky Way,” added Yuan.

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“Wreaking Havoc” –Quasars Unleash Massive Tsunami’s ‘Lighting Up Galaxies Like Christmas Trees’

Quasar Tsunami

 

“The outflows emanate from quasars and tear across interstellar space similar to tsunamis on Earth, wreaking havoc on the galaxies in which the quasars reside,” reports Virginia Tech’s Nahum Arav who has discovered the most energetic outflows ever witnessed in the universe using the unique capabilities of NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope.

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“Weird, Inside-Out, Upside-Down Galaxy” –Surprise Hidden In the Sombrero’s Brim

Sombrero Galaxy

 

Surprising new data from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope suggests the smooth, settled “brim” of the Sombrero galaxy’s disk may be concealing a turbulent past. Hubble’s sharpness and sensitivity resolves tens of thousands of individual stars in the Sombrero’s vast, extended halo, the region beyond a galaxy’s central portion, typically made of older stars.

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Update on “The Monster” –12-Billion Years Later is Galaxy XMM-2599 a Red Ghost?

Galaxy XMM-2599

 

Yesterday, we reported that an international team of astronomers Using W. M. Keck Observatory on Maunakea in Hawaii, led by scientists at the University of California, Riverside, found an strange monster galaxy that existed about 12 billion years ago, when the universe was only 1.8 billion years old, or 13 percent of its current age of 13.8 billion years. The team found that the galaxy, dubbed formed stars at a high rate and then died. Why it suddenly stopped forming stars is unclear.

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“Frenzied” –Strange, Monster Galaxy at Dawn of the Universe

Very Early Galaxies

 

“Even before the universe was 2 billion years old, XMM-2599 had already formed a mass of more than 300 billion suns, making it an ultramassive galaxy,” said Ben Forrest, a postdoctoral researcher at the UC Riverside about galaxy XMM-2599, that formed stars at a high rate and then inexplicably died. “More remarkably, we show that XMM-2599 formed most of its stars in a huge frenzy when the universe was less than one billion years old, and then became inactive by the time the universe was only 1.8 billion years old.”

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