Ghost Stars of the First Billion Years

Type Ia supernovae



When small, dense stars called white dwarfs explode, they produce bright, short-lived flares called Type Ia supernovae. These supernovae are informative cosmological markers for astronomers—for example, they were used to prove that the universe is accelerating in its expansion.


“Hubble’s Constant Nailed” –The Universe Past, Present & Future

Hubbles Constant


Arguably the most important Cosmological discovery ever made, Hubble’s Constant, is that our universe is expanding. Its stands, observes the Harvard -Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, along with the Copernican Principle — that there is no preferred place in the universe, and Olbers’ paradox — that the sky is dark at night, as one of the cornerstones of modern cosmology.