“All the Light”– In the History of the Observable Universe

Galaxies in Milky Way


From our tiny blue dot, the universe appears inconceivably vast. In the grand cosmic scheme of things, all the light in the observable universe provides about as much illumination as a 60-watt bulb seen from 2.5 miles away, says Marco Ajello, an astrophysicist at Clemson University, who led a team in 2018 that has measured all of the starlight ever produced throughout the history of the observable universe.


“The Unexplored Epoch” –Evolution of Stars in the Early Cosmos


One of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) primary objectives will be “to unravel what happened in the first billion years after the big bang,” said Kári Helgason, an astrophysicist at the University of Iceland. “Our work places important new limits on the amount of starlight we can expect to see in those first billion years — a largely unexplored epoch in the universe.”