“Ghostly Messengers” –Massive Underground Instrument Reveals ‘Final Secret’ of Our Sun

Borexino Sphere


When we consider the origins of life in our Solar System, a remarkable discovery has to be taken into account –the Solar System is substantially over-abundant in metals compared with average interstellar abundances at the time of its formation 4.6 billion years ago. These solar abundances are similar to present interstellar abundances, an anomaly that remains a mystery. One possibility scientists suggest is that the Sun formed much closer to the galactic center than its current position, which may have resulted in a plentiful supply of raw materials in the solar nebula from which to form the Earth and its biosphere.


“Our ‘Mother’ Sun was a Supernova”

Vela Supernova


“Although Earth was originally created from the Sun (as part of the ecliptic plane of debris and dust that circulated around the Sun 4.5 billion years ago), our Sun is barely hot enough to fuse hydrogen to helium, observed physicist Michio Kaku in Parallel Worlds: A Journey through Creation, Higher Dimensions, and the Future of the Cosmos. “This means that our true “mother” sun was actually an unnamed star or collection of stars that died billions of years ago in a supernova, which then seeded nearby nebulae with the higher elements beyond iron that make up our body. Literally, our bodies are made of stardust, from stars that died billions of years ago.”


Dying White Dwarf Stars –“Seed Carbon and Life in the Cosmos”

Caroline's Rose Open Star Cluster


The oldest planet ever detected in the universe, The PSR B1620-26 system lies around 5,600 light years away in galaxy cluster M4, directly west of red supergiant star Antares is estimated to be around 13 billion years—almost three times as old as the Solar System.orbiting a binary system of a white dwarf and a pulsar.


Gargantuan Supernova –“So Massive It’s Thought to Exist Only in Theory”

Gargantuan Supernova


“While many supernovae are discovered every night, most are in massive galaxies,” said Dr. Peter Blanchard, from Northwestern University and a coauthor on a study that confirmed a supernova at least twice as bright and energetic, and likely much more massive than any yet recorded. “This one immediately stood out for further observations because it seemed to be in the middle of nowhere. We weren’t able to see the galaxy where this star was born until after the supernova light had faded.”


“Fireflies of the Cosmos” –Supernova’s Hidden Cycle of Colossal Explosions



Scientists have quantified the suggestion from decades ago that most of the novas in the Cosmos are deeply hibernating, waiting to wake up, and we haven’t yet identified them, says Michael Shara, an astrophysicist and curator at the American Museum of Natural History and leader of a study confirming that the novae we observe flashing like fireflies throughout the universe represent just a few percent of these cataclysmic variables, as they are known, with the rest “hiding” in hibernation.