‘Terra Incognita’ -What Lies Beyond the Observable Universe?

Hubble Ultra Deep Field

 

It’s possible that the universe isn’t uniform past what we can see, and conditions are wildly different from place to place, says Caltech astrophysicist Sean Carroll. “That possibility is the cosmological multiverse. We don’t know if there is a multiverse in this sense, but since we can’t actually see one way or another, it’s wise to keep an open mind.”

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Fast Facts About Old Stars of the Universe

 

star cluster NGC 1866

 

Determining the age of a star can be one of the trickiest measurements an astronomer can make.  Stars don’t obviate their age like humans do — with wrinkles around the eyes, grey hair, or brittle bones.  Instead stars give hints at their age through things like their motion, rotation rate, chemistry, and placement in the Galaxy. Finding “extrema” on the age spectrum for stars — the oldest and youngest — is much easier than trying to find middle aged objects like our Sun.   In this article, we reveal four fast facts about the oldest stars in the Galaxy.

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Hubble Images of a Supernova -May Help Solve Known Unknowns of the Universe

 

"SN-Requiem"

 

An enormous amount of gravity from a cluster of distant galaxies causes space to curve so much that light from more distant galaxies is bent. This “gravitational lensing” effect has allowed University of Copenhagen astronomers to observe the same exploding star –SN Requiem–in three different places in the heavens, and may help solve the mystery of cosmic expansion and reveal the nature of dark matter and dark energy.

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‘The Yeti’ -A Monster Galaxy Accidentally Discovered at Dawn of the Universe

Yeti Galaxy

 

In 2019, astronomers accidentally discovered the faint, shimmering blob of a monster galaxy cloaked in dust and a lot of mystery in the early universe. Like a cosmic Yeti, the scientific community generally regarded these galaxies as folklore, given the lack of evidence of their existence, but astronomers in the United States and Australia managed to snap a picture of the beast for the first time. The discovery provides new insights into the some of the biggest galaxies in the universe.

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NASA’s ENIGMA -‘We Have Found the Building Blocks of Life’

Enceladus Moon of Saturn

 

“NASA’s  ENIGMA  (Evolution of Nanomachines In Geospheres and Microbial Ancestors)  research team,” biophysicist Paul Falkowski told The Daily Galaxy, “is focused on answering a single, compelling question in astrobiology: How did proteins evolve to become the predominant catalysts of life on Earth?”

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‘Really Clear Signals’ -TESS Discovery of a Nearby Star System Harboring an Earth-Sized Planet

TESS Exoplanet

 

“There was quite some detective work involved, and the right people were there at the right time,” said Diana Dragomir,” an exoplanetologist at the University of New Mexico about exoplanets discovered in 2019 that could sustain life using its advanced Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). “But we were lucky,’ she noted, “and we caught the signals, and they were really clear.” The planetary system called L 98-59 is  located around 35 light-years away from Earth and hosts five new worlds that have characteristics that are also found on planets orbiting the sun. 

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