“Galaxies” –Emerged from Infinitesimal Ripples, Time Capsules at Dawn of Cosmos

 

Hubble Frontier Field

 

“Galaxies are children of random quantum fluctuations produced during the first 10-35 seconds after the birth of the universe,” says Andrei Linde, Russian-American theoretical physicist at Stanford University, one of the main authors of the inflationary universe theory, as well as the theory of eternal inflation and inflationary multiverse.

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“Frenzied” –Strange, Monster Galaxy at Dawn of the Universe

Very Early Galaxies

 

“Even before the universe was 2 billion years old, XMM-2599 had already formed a mass of more than 300 billion suns, making it an ultramassive galaxy,” said Ben Forrest, a postdoctoral researcher at the UC Riverside about galaxy XMM-2599, that formed stars at a high rate and then inexplicably died. “More remarkably, we show that XMM-2599 formed most of its stars in a huge frenzy when the universe was less than one billion years old, and then became inactive by the time the universe was only 1.8 billion years old.”

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The Galaxy Report –“Earth’s New Ice Age to Mars’ Uncovered Secrets”

 

Dark Energy Survey

 

“The Galaxy Report” provides summaries and links to headline news by leading science journalists about the amazing discoveries, technology, people, and events changing our knowledge of Planet Earth and the Cosmos beyond. Our caffine-inspired curation team scours the world, doing your work for you –all in one place.

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Life in the Cosmos –“The Mystery that Contradicts Big Bang Theory”

Big Bang

 

“The Universe becomes opaque to light once we look back to around a million years after its birth. This makes the fundamental question of ‘why are we here?’ difficult to answer,” says high-energy physicist Jeff Dror, postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, and researcher at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, referring to a new study he co-authored, showing that gravitational waves could contain evidence to prove the theory that life survived the Big Bang because of a phase transition that allowed neutrino particles to reshuffle matter and anti-matter.

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“Elephant in the Cosmos” –New Theory Says ‘No Need’ for Dark Energy

Dark Energy Survey

 

Dark energy has been described as everything from a fifth force to a new form of matter, but so far, no direct evidence has been found of its existence. Noble Prize winning physicist Adam Riess says: “I have absolutely no clue what dark energy is. Dark energy appears strong enough to push the entire universe – yet its source is unknown, its location is unknown and its physics are highly speculative.”

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“Dead or Alive?” –Postmortem of Gigantic Galaxies at Dawn of the Cosmos

Hubble Deep Field Frontier Image

 

“We found that its core seems already fully formed at that time,” says Masayuki Tanaka who led a team of researchers of the Cosmic Dawn Center at the Niels Bohr Institute and the National Observatory of Japan about a recently discovered massive galaxy already dying only 1.5 billion years after the Big Bang. “This result pairs up with the fact that, when these dying gigantic systems were still alive and forming stars, they might have not been that extreme compared with the average population of galaxies”, adds Francesco Valentino, author of an article on the past history of dead galaxies appeared in the Astrophysical Journal.

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