Black Hole Jets Detected –“Emit More Energy in One Second Than Our Sun Will Produce in Its Entire Lifetime”

 

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"The discovery of these supermassive black holes, which launch jets that emit more energy in one second than our sun will produce in its entire lifetime, was the culmination of a yearlong research project," said astrophysicist Marco Ajello, who has spent much of his career studying the evolution of distant galaxies. "Our next step is to increase our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the formation, development and activities of these amazing objects, which are the most powerful accelerators in the universe. We can't even come close to replicating such massive outputs of energy in our laboratories. The complexities we're attempting to unravel seem almost as mysterious as the black holes themselves."

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Astronomers Discover New Stage in Origin of Planets –“Solves an Enduring Mystery”

 

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Astronomers have struggled to assemble a complete theory of the origin of planets that explains how the initial dust develops into planetary systems. A French-UK-Australian team now think they have the answer, with their simulations showing the formation of 'dust traps' where pebble-sized fragments collect and stick together, to grow into the building blocks of planets. 

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Infant Earth Was a Single, Solid Shell –“A ‘Stagnant Lid’ Formed Our Planet’s Outer Shell Early in Its History”

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Today's Earth is a dynamic planet with an outer layer composed of giant plates that grind together, sliding past or dipping beneath one another, giving rise to earthquakes and volcanoes. Others separate at undersea mountain ridges, where molten rock spreads out from the centers of major ocean basins. But new research suggests that this was not always the case. Instead, shortly after Earth formed and began to cool, the planet's first outer layer was a single, solid but deformable shell. Later, this shell began to fold and crack more widely, giving rise to modern plate tectonics.

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James Webb Space Telescope To Search for Second Earth Among Weird Habitable Worlds in the TRAPPIST-1 Solar System

 

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In a couple of years, Hubble’s successor, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope will conduct follow-up observations of the dim ultracool TRAPPIST-1 dwarf star system 40 light-years away and find out if any of its seven Earth-sized planets have an atmosphere capable of supporting life.

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NASA 2018 –Will Send Its First Robotic Mission to Solve Enduring Mysteries of Our Sun

 

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In 2018, NASA plans to launch the robotic Solar Probe Plus mission in an elliptical orbit within 4 million miles (6 million km) of our host star. “This is going to be our first mission to fly to the sun,” said Eric Christian, a NASA research scientist at Goddard Space Flight Center. “We can’t get to the very surface of the sun,” but the mission will get close enough to answer three important questions.”

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