NASA: James Webb Science Gear Installed –“Will Detect Solar Systems Capable of Supporting Life”

 

 

Jwst-galaxy

 

Hubble's successor, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), "represents the hopes and ambitions of the 10,000 astronomers who have already used the Hubble," said John Mather, Nobel laureate, astrophysicist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, and the senior project scientist for the new JWST observatory in a recent interview. "It is tremendously more powerful than the Hubble, in a new wavelength range. I'm pretty confident there will be surprises out there, things that will be worth all this work."

With surgical precision, two dozen engineers and technicians successfully installed the package of science instruments of the JWST into the telescope structure. The package is the collection of cameras and spectrographs that will record the light collected by Webb's giant golden mirror.

 

Inside the world's largest clean room at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, the team crane-lifted the heavy science instrument package, lowered it into an enclosure on the back of the telescope, and secured it to the telescope.

"Our personnel were navigating a very tight space with very valuable hardware," said Jamie Dunn, ISIM Manager (ISIM stands for 'Integrated Science Instrument Module'). "We needed the room to be quiet so if someone said something we would be able to hear them. You listen not only for what other people say, but to hear if something doesn't sound right."

Before the procedure, the engineers and technicians had trained with test runs, computer modeling and a mock-up of the instrument package. This is a critical mission operation.

"This is a tremendous accomplishment for our worldwide team," said John Mather, James Webb Space Telescope Project Scientist and Nobel Laureate. "There are vital instruments in this package from Europe and Canada as well as the US and we are so proud that everything is working so beautifully, 20 years after we started designing our observatory."

Now that the instruments, mirrors, and telescope structure have been assembled, the combination will go through vibration and acoustic tests in order to ensure the whole science payload will withstand the conditions of launch.

"Designing and building something of this magnitude and complexity, with this amount of new technology, is far from routine," said Dunn. "While every project has their share of ups and downs, the JWST team has had to work through a lot over the life of this project. The character and dedication of this team is extraordinary, they've always recovered brilliantly, and they've made many personal sacrifices to get us to this point."

The James Webb Space Telescope is the scientific successor to NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. It will be the most powerful space telescope ever built. Webb will study many phases in the history of our universe, including the formation of solar systems capable of supporting life on planets similar to Earth, as well as the evolution of our own solar system. It's targeted to launch from French Guiana aboard an Ariane 5 rocket in 2018. Webb is an international project led by NASA with its partners, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Canadian Space Agency.

The Daily Galaxy via http://jwst.nasa.gov

Image credits: NASA/Chris Gunn

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